Sonntag, 9. Oktober 2016

Category I - Colour photolithography

Colour lithography and printing

The following section includes examples of Rhine panoramas which were printed in several colours, often using photolithography. Sattler's list included examples of the following publishers: 1. Carl Garte, 2. Louis Glaser (Rhine), 3. Anonymous, 4. and 5. Wilhelm Schütz, 6. Louis Glaser. However, his entry 3 (showcase I. 27) may be the Anonymous leporello I have already listed under H. 4.; and his showcase I. 30 (Glaser 6) is actually of Lake Constance. Therefore, my list concentrates on those who may have produced Rhine panorama leporellos before or at the turn of the twentieth century. Hence my list deviates from that of Sattler considerably.
Sattler: "The development of more modern printing techiques at the turn of the (twentieth) century heralded the end of photolithography – as used in these examples. In place of the photolithograph, real photographs began to be used for these Souvenir Albums, exactly as they are still produced today. Colour photolithography made the mass-production of colourful Rhine panoramas possible. This step seems to have occurred some time around 1895; previous to this publishers had tried out different toning effects."
Both Hoursch & Bechstedt and the firm of Karl Rüdiger Bremer were given separate categories by Sattler (J and K respectively), however, I have included both here.



I. 1. Carl Garte
I. 2. Hoursch & Bechstedt
I. 3. Wilhelm Schütz
I. 4. Metz & Lautz / Lautz & Isenbeck
I. 5. Louis Glaser
I. 6. Anonymous
I. 7. Anonymous (English)
I. 8. Karl Rüdiger Bremer I
I. 9. Karl Rüdiger Bremer II


I. 1. Carl Garte I

Example 1

Panorama vom Rhein Cöln bis Mainz in gold on ochre boards decorated with floral border.

Rhein von Cöln bis Mainz on ribbons almost framing the city of Cologne. Sepia photo-gravure map panorama in border with 71 framed scenes left (36) and right (35) of river folding out to 1740 mm. No scene panels top and bottom. Imprint centrally below map: Lith Kunstanstalt von Carl Garte, Leipzig.
Has a railway line south of Bonn to river bank (no bridge – but shows course of the projected railway line). The bridge was actually not completed until 1898. Has no new railway bridge north of Mainz. The bridge at Mainz still looks like a pontoon bridge and last panel has an illustration of the bridge with pontoons with title Mainz. The panorama was updated with extra views of Cologne and Mainz as well as extra folding sections of the Niederwalddenkmal - see next entry.

Not in Flüsse im Herzen Europas
Sattler, Rheinpanoramen H25 / 16A
Holzhäuer Der Rhein im Panorama 57 (p. 108)

Size
Cover (h) 120 x 180 mm. Approx. Area of map: 1740 x 150 mm.




Example 2





Panorama vom Rhein Cöln bis Mainz in gold on red boards decorated with scene of Köln to right and castle on hill on left. Reverse is plain blind-stamped border.

Der Rhein von Cöln bis Mainz within a scene of Cologne including cathedral and river bank which occupies the first page. Grey and light blue photo-gravure map panorama in border with 72 framed scenes left and right of river. Top scene has publisher’s imprint below right: Lith Kunstanstalt Carl Garte, Leipzig. Below Mainz there is a scene of Mainz followed by 6 extra leaves of 9 photos of the monument – Nationaldenkmal auf dem Niederwald - the monument was completed in 1867; folding out to 2610 mm
Includes 33 pp descriptive text written in 3 languages by Dr F Lahnek – Der Rhein von Cöln bis Mainz. Last date in text is 1880.
The lower bridge at Mainz now looks like a normal arched bridge and last panel has an illustration of the Theater in Mainz replacing the bridge picture. Extra view is that of Hotel Petersberg near Königswinter.

Size
Cover (h) 120 x 180 mm. Approx. area of map: 1730 x 150 mm.
Colour photolithography 1975 x 175 mm. Appendix: 9 views of the Niederwalddenkmal; total 2635 x 175 mm. 72 Side illustrations, head and tail photographs (Köln and Mainz).



I. 2. Hoursch & Bechstedt


Example 1

Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis Köln


Rhein Verlag von Hoursch & Bechstedt in Köln a. Rh (in lozenge on back cover). Photo-lithographic view of Rhein from Koeln (top) to Mainz with 43 other photos (not incuding Mainz and Köln) alongside the river in “picture frames”. The whole framed inside (green) vine-leaves and bunches of grapes. Cover has attractive art nouveau style and picture frames are also in this style.
Has two bridges at Köln, bridge at Bonn (but also Eisenbahn Trajekt), three bridges at Coblenz and only one bridge at Mainz.
Folds into green board covers with floral decoration. 

Size
Approx. area of map: 1800 x 220 mm; Kopf und Fußbild, 43 Randbilder (nach Fotos).





Example 2

Rhein-Panorama mit Text im Bilde




Folds into plain red paper covers.

Hoursch & Bechstedt Verlag, Köln. Photo-lithographic view of Rhine from Koeln (top) to Mainz with 34 photos (including the top and bottom views of Mainz and Köln) and descriptive text alongside the river inserted in “picture frames”. The whole framed inside (brown) vine-leaves and bunches of grapes. This is a new version of the map above. Map and vines have been redrawn and different selection of photos and some frames used for text instead of illustrations.
Has third bridge at Köln (south of town -Südbrücke) built 1908-10 and last date in text panel is 1911 – rebuilding of Hohenzollernbrücke.

Not in Flüsse im Herzen Europas
Sattler, Rheinpanoramen J31 and J32 / 17A and B, 20G and H. Note he has J31 Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis Köln (1903) 1800 x 220 mm; head and tail views, 43 vignette illustration (from photos).
17A / B and 20G / H: 1913 – 1960. Panorama with pictures after Nikolaus von Astudin.

Size
Approx. area of map: 1800 x 220 mm.




I. 3. Wilhelm Schütz

Rhein-Panorama von Mainz-Cöln on burgundy boards with slightly art nouveau border in black. Reverse has embossed H Siebenhaar, Cöln.

Map has no title but there is a view of Cologne at top with pontoon bridge and two steamers; view of Mainz at bottom with no bridge but two boats (each view is one panel or 100 x 205 mm). Lithographic view of Rhine from Cöln (top) to Mainz with lithographic views (26 left, 29 right) alongside the river and interspersed with vines and bunches of grapes. There are three bridges at Köln; two at city and one from Rodenkirchen to Westhofen but roads not really connected. Bridge at Bonn as well as the Trajekt near Plittersdorf. Three bridges at Coblenz and three at Mainz (i.e. 2 railway bridges). Photolithography.
Map has imprint: Photo Lithogr. V. Wilh. Schütz, Grossh. S. Hofbuchbinderei u. Albumfabrik Eisenach below view of Mainz.

Sattler, Rheinpanoramen I29? (Sattler has a panorama with 55 views dated as 1910, but this would seem earlier than that.)

Size
Map and views contained within a border with page width of 205 mm and thin two-line frame.  Cover 235 x 130 mm (h). Map 205 x 2400 mm.





I. 4. Metz & Lautz / Lautz & Isenbeck

Example 1


Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis Köln. Folds into (1) buff/ochre cloth on boards or (2, illustrated) red boards with cathedral of Köln, flowers and Rhine steamer. Kunst Anstalt Lautz & Isenbeck Darmstadt blind-stamped imprint on back cover.    


Eight views of Köln surrounding a picture of a Rheindampfer with Father Rhine looking on (i.e. four more than smaller version below). Publisher’s imprint below map: vereinigte Kunstfruckereien Metz u. Lautz. G M B H Darmstadt (2 - left; 1- right). Scene of Mainz Total surrounded by same vignettes as before at bottom. Total length is 2800 mm.
Two bridges at Köln, one at Bonn, three at Coblenz and three bridges at Mainz (plus Eisenbahnbrücke north of town).
Version (2) has new bridge at Bonn Neue Rheinbrücke as vignette replacing the view in (1) of Bonn v(on) Beuel gesehen. (2) has vignettes of Runder Thurm and cathedral (Dom) at Andernacht while (1) has Coblenz Partie in den Rheinanlagen and Denkmal an Gen. v. Göben. At Coblenz itself (1) has Moselansicht and Ehrenbreitenstein (both right) and Karthouse and Stolzenfels (left); (2) has Kaiserin-Auguste Denkmal and different view of Ehrenbreitenstein (r) and Stolzenfels u. Niederlahnstein and Stolzenfels u. Oberlahnstein (l). 
Clearly version (1) with buff boards is the earlier. The example in the author's collection includes a 24 pp. text booklet Erläutender Text in 3 Sprachen (English, German and French). Imprint Kunst Anstalt Lautz & Isenbeck Darmstadt with last date in text 1880.

Size
Cover (horizontal) is 130 x 240 mm. Approx. area of map: 1320 x 155 mm. 





Example 1 - Cologne section of larger ediion

Example 2

Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis KölnFolds into red cloth on board with decorative design. Kunstverlag Lautz Darmstadt blind-stamped imprint on back cover.                                           

Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis KölnColoured map and photolithographic views of Rhine within ouside border. Flower decorations by photos. At the top are four views of Köln above a picture of a Rheindampfer with Father Rhine looking on. Publisher’s imprint below map: vereinigte Kunstfruckereien Metz u. Lautz. G M B H Darmstadt.  Scene of Mainz Total at bottom. Total length is 2800 mm.
Vignettes agree with version (2) above but size is smaller.

Size


Cover (vertical) is 180 x 100 mm. Approx. area of map: 1040 x 155 mm. 


Example 2 - Cologne section of smaller ediion

I. 5. Louis Glaser

Rhein-Panorama von Cöln bis Mainz. Folds into publisher’s red cloth boards with gilt title and a sun symbol top right, two flowers and a horizontal band. Reverse is plain.

Der Rhein von Cöln bis Mainz. Photo-lithographic view of Rhein from Cöln (top) to Mainz with lithographic views along the river. Publisher's imprint at bottom below Mainz: Druck u. Verlag v. Louis Glaser, Leipzig. Total length approx. 1360 mm.
Top is a view of Cologne surrounded by four views and the title. Bottom are two views of Mainz flanked by two small views making a composite (counted as one central panel and three views). Including the small views top and bottom (but not the one central, large view of each city) there are a total of 66 illustrations.
Two bridges at Cologne. Three bridges at Coblenz. Two bridges at Mainz. The bridge has been added at Bonn, but there are signs that a bridge has been removed south of the town and the railway line still proceeds to the bank of the river.

Size
Cover (horizontal) 130 x 215 mm. Approx. area of map: 1360 x 185 mm.
2 Kopfbilder, 66 Randbilder

Not in Flüsse im Herzen Europas
Sattler, Rheinpanoramen I 26, 16B,
Holzhäuer Der Rhein im Panorama 61 (p. 110)





I. 6. Anonymous

Der Rhein … von Mainz bis Cöln. Folds into publisher’s red cloth boards with gilt title and a river scene centrally of a steamer sailing past two onlookers. Reverse is plain.

No title. Photo-lithographic view of Rhein from Cöln (top) to Mainz with lithographic views along the river. There are a total of 110 illustrations (57 left and 53 right). The map area is much more map-like, clearly showing roads and railways and with little of the usual hill-shading. River in blue, land sepia-grey and vignettes coloured.
Two bridges at Cöln but one of these is the newer railway bridge slightly to the south. Three bridges at Koblenz (one crossing Insel Oberwerth). Only one bridge at Mainz, centrally, but no new railway bridge to the north. The bridge has been added rather clumsily at Bonn, but there is still a line across the river below the city with Trajekt.

Not in Flüsse im Herzen Europas
Not in Sattler, Rheinpanoramen 

Size
Cover (vertical) 200 x 140 mm. Approx. area of map: 1490 x 180 mm.




I. 7. Anonymous - (English)



Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis Cöln. Folds into green cloth boards with decorative design of vine leaves and bunches of grapes. Plain back cover.  

At the top is a view of Köln showing bridge and Bade Anstalt (although seen in Blümein's view it is not named). Scene of Mainz at bottom followed by a double page of views of the Niederwald Monument. 
Two bridges at Cöln, bridge at Bonn as well as the “Traject” south of the city, and three bridges at Mainz (plus Eisenbahnbrücke north of town). The northern bridge at Mainz looks like an addition to a possible original earlier panorama.
Views left (28) and right (34) plus top and bottom views and 5 scenes of monument (4 on first half page, one on last sheet).
Although there is no publisher’s imprint there are certain similarities in choice of Niederwald views and the way of presenting the frames to these pictures as those used by Schütz. A website (http://www.fotoplatz.stereographie.de/panorama/panorama.htm) has published this map and credits it to William England who journeyed the Rhine (maybe in 1867). In this copy the names of places are not in the river but on river the bank area, the Trajekt is not shown, the island Grafenwerth is missing, at Mainz the views of Schloß Biebrich and the theatre are exchanged and there is no railway bridge.

Map title
No title but top view has PANORAMA VON CÖLN. Coloured map and photolithographic views of Rhine within ouside border. Flower decorations or vines by photos.

Size

Cover (horizontal) is 145 x 235 mm. Approx. area of map: 1560 x 205 mm. 
Total length with views is 1930 mm.



Website version - CÖLN west of river.


Author's copy - Cöln in river



I. 8. Karl Rüdiger Bremer & Co.  

Sattler in his listing devoted a whole section to Bremer. However as my intention is to finish approx. 1900-1910 I have chosen to include only two of Bremer's works.
The following panorama continues the tradition of Delkeskamp by including the vignettes as side illustrations. 



Cover


Rheinpanorama (cover title). Black and white map of Rhine with real photos folding into green boards with slight art nouveau decoration. Figure 8 bottom left of front cover.

Map has no title and only clue to publisher (or bookseller) is the embossed stamp of Karl Rud. Bremer, Köln am Rh. on back cover. No text except for title to each illustration. Gesamtansicht von Cöln (top, 8 x 17 mm) and Mainz Totalansicht (below, 10 x 17 mm). Black and white “skletch-like” map with some trefoil decoration similar to that used by Hoursch &Bechstedt.
Has all three bridges at Cöln: Bonn and “Trajekt” to south: 3 bridges at Coblenz; and 3 at  Mainz. 46 illustrations – all real photos.
Approx. Area of map: 1880 x 245 mm.

Not in Flüsse im Herzen Europas

Sattler, Rheinpanoramen K36 according to Goyert



Detail of Mainz with railway bridge


I. 9. Karl Rüdiger Bremer & Co.  

Example 1



Rheinlauf von Mainz bis Köln - Gebirgszüge in Relief Manier and number 109 8.

Imprint: Verlag v. Karl Rud. Bremer, Köln. Printed coloured view of Rhein, however expanded to fill page, i.e. no extra illustrations right and left. Bridge at Bonn but also “Trajekt” south of city. Folds into green hard board covers. Approx. area of map: 1770 x 205 mm. Cover (reverse) has embossed: H Siebenhar Köln.


Not in Flüsse im Herzen Europas
Sattler, Rheinpanoramen K36 to K40 / 17A and B, 20G and H.
Sattler's entries K36 to K40 may well refer to one or more of the examples listed here.

K36 Rhein-Panorama von Mainz bis Köln (1905) 1880 x 245 mm; Kopf und Fußbild, 46 Randbilder (nach Fotos).
K37 Bremer’s Rheinlauf von Mainz bis Cöln. Mit seitlich angebrachtem Führer in engl. Sprache. No 108Ea (1909) 1870 x 240 mm; 28 Randbilder.
K38 Rheinlauf von Mainz bis Cöln. Mit seitlich angebrachtem Führer. No 108Da (Kw) Genehmigt vom Generalkommando (1915) 1875 x 245 mm; 30 Randbilder.
K39 Rheinlauf von Mainz bis Köln.100Da. (1925) 1850 x 275 mm; 46 Randbilder.

K40 Bremer’s Rheinlauf von Mainz bis Köln mit seitlicher Beschreibung und Autostraßen. No 104Da (1935) 1510 x 245 mm; 47 Randbilder.




Example 2



Der Rhein Album mit Panorama and number 1/109.

Printed coloured view of Rhein, however, expanded to fill page, i.e. no extra illustrations right and left. Folds into red hard board covers with album of views stuck into left hand inside cover. This contains 32 page booklet with title page and 30 photographic views. Approx. Area of map: 1770 x 205 mm. Cover (reverse) has embossed: Karl Rud. Bremer Köln.
Map has slightly different imprint (below Mainz): Verlag v. Karl Rud. Bremer & Co., Köln a. Rh. Above this a panel refering to kilometerzahlen which have been added to map at 5Km intervals.
Extra names, e.g. Peters Aue (Mainz), Reitburg’s Aue (Wiesbaden) and redrawn Eltville Aue with name. Extra ferry at Bingen, Caub St Goar etc.




Example 3



Rheinlauf von Köln bis Mainz in cheap brown paper covers and simple art nouveau design around title. Cover now bears the publisher's imprint: Verlag von H Siebenhar Cöln a. R.  

Printed black and white view of Rhein, expanded to fill page as above, i.e. no extra illustrations right and left. The map has been printed ino two sections with top half of Rhine on one side, bottom half of Rhine on reverse; presumably in time of war paper was scarce. Approx. Area of map: 915 x 160 mm on each side.

Extra names, e.g. Peters Aue (Mainz), Reitburg’s Aue (Wiesbaden) and redrawn Eltville Aue with name are all as above. However, all lines of the railway and all bridges have been removed! Imprints below map: D.R.G.M. (AeOS) and Gesetzlich geschützt. Genehmigt vom Generalkommando (CeOS) and Verlag H Siebenhar, Köln (EeOS).
It would appear that this edition, printed on cheap paper was issued during the first World War and all important military objectives, eg all bridges and the fortress Feste Franz north of Coblenz, have been removed.




Example 4


Rheinlauf von Mainz bs Köln mit seitlicher Beschreibung also Nr. 101 Da and the imprint Verlag von Karl Rud. Bremer & C., Köln am Rhein. Folding into green card covers.



This panorama shows the trend that began in the early years of the twentieth century and which goes back to some of Sattler's Experiments - using the side margin to introduce text.




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